Technology Glossary

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Term Definition Link
Application Programming Interface (API) Specification intended to be used as an interface by software components to communicate with each other
Bioinformatics Branch of biological science which deals with the study of methods for storing, retrieving and analyzing biological data, such as nucleic acid (DNA/RNA) and protein sequence, structure, function, pathways and genetic interactions
Cyberinfrastructure Research environments that support advanced data acquisition, data storage, data management, data integration, data mining, data visualization and other computing and information processing services distributed over the Internet beyond the scope of a single institution
Data Migration Process of transferring data between storage types, formats, or computer systems
Dataset Collection of data, usually presented in tabular form
Descriptive Metadata Individual instances of application data, the data content
Electron Micrograph Micrograph prepared using an electron microscope
Endpoint The entry point for a service oriented archicture implementation
Georeference Process of defining something's existence in physical space
Geovisualization A set of tools and techniques supporting geospatial data analysis through the use of interactive visualization
Hack-a-thon Event in which computer programmers and others in the field of software development, like graphic designers, interface designers and project managers, collaborate intensively on software projects
Key-stroking The action of tracking (or logging) the keys struck on a keyboard
Metadata The term metadata is ambiguous, as it is used for two fundamentally different concepts: Structural Metadata and Descriptive Metadata
Micrograph A photograph or digital image taken through a microscope or similar device to show a magnified image of an item
Natural Language Processing (NLP) A field of computer science, artificial intelligence, and linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages
Ontology Formally represents knowledge as a set of concepts within a domain, and the relationships among those concepts
Optical Character Rrecognition (OCR) The mechanical or electronic conversion of scanned images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into machine-encoded text
Portal A Web portal or public portal refers to a Web site or service that offers a broad array of resources and services, such as e-mail, forums, search engines, and online shopping malls.
Remote Annotations Annotation data stored on servers accessed through a network
Structural Metadata Design and specification of data structures
Virtualization The creation of a virtual (rather than actual) version of something