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SMNS Herpetologie

Specimen Records: 7,075
Media Records: 0
iDigBio Last Ingested Date: 2015-11-24

The herpetological collection at the SMNS comprises about 20,000 specimens from all over the world. Some of the material is historically valuable. After Baron Carl Ferdinand von Ludwig (1784-1847) and Duke Paul Wilhelm von Württemberg (1797-1860) had added their specimens, the herpetological collection grew further through material collected by Baron F. von Müller (collected between 1836-1896) and August Kappler (collected between 1832-1872). More detailed information is published in the type catalogue, that can be obtained from the curator. Important parts of the collection are tortoise, crocodiles and neotropical amphibians.</br></br> Through destruction of parts of the collection during the Second World War important information has been lost. It was necessary to reorganise and record the entire collection. In addition to collection-based research, studies on the ecology of South American frogs, toads and reptiles are conducted. Our knowledge of species composition and ecology of rainforests contrasts sharply with the speed that these habitats vanish from our planet. The analysis of such complex ecosystems can only be achieved step by step by looking at smaller systems within larger ones. In cooperation with the Natural History Museum at Lima (Museo de Historia Natural de la Universidad San Marcos), species composition and ecology of amphibians and reptiles in small pools within the Peruvian rainforest have been under investigation since 1977. These pools and streams are such 'smaller systems' that at least, on a temporary basis, offer ideal conditions to many species. A massive undertaking is to find out more about the food chains in these habitats. Most amphibians and reptiles are very sensitive to environmental change and are often at the centre of the food chain which makes them perfect indicators of an ecosystem. The identification of frogs and toads is often done by recording their call and subsequent analysis of the tapes which result in sonograms. On the other hand, to identify snakes, lizards and crocodiles it is often necessary to count rows of scales and for some species you have to look at their teeth with magnifying glass. This is of course difficult with wriggly, living and often poisonous animals and it is often easier to identify those as part of a scientific collection. Some of the specimens preserved in alcohol are over 200 years old and are used for taxonomic research as well as being available for the international research community. The entire collection is inventoried on a computer database.

Contacts

Name Dr. Andreas Schlüter
RoleCurator
Emailschlueter.smns@naturkundemuseum-bw.de
Name Dr. Andreas Schlüter
RoleCurator
Emailschlueter.smns@naturkundemuseum-bw.de
Name Laura Russell
RoleVertNet Programmer
Emaillarussell@vertnet.org
Name David Bloom
RoleVertNet Coordinator
Emaildbloom@vertnet.org
Name John Wieczorek
RoleInformation Architect
Emailtuco@berkeley.edu
Name Dr. Andreas Schlüter
RoleCurator
Emailschlueter.smns@naturkundemuseum-bw.de
  • Data Corrected
  • Data Use
  • Raw
This table shows any data corrections that were performed on this recordset to improve the capabilities of iDigBio Search. The first column represents the correction performed. The last two columns represent the number and percentage of records that were corrected. A complete list of the data quality flags and their descriptions can be found here. Clicking on a data flag name will take you to a search for all records with this flag in this recordset.
FlagRecords With This Flag(%) Percent With This Flag
dwc_taxonrank_replaced  i7075
100
dwc_datasetid_added  i7040
99.505
dwc_parentnameusageid_added  i7040
99.505
dwc_taxonid_added  i7040
99.505
dwc_taxonomicstatus_added  i7040
99.505
gbif_canonicalname_added  i7040
99.505
gbif_genericname_added  i7040
99.505
gbif_taxon_corrected  i7040
99.505
dwc_scientificnameauthorship_added  i6960
98.375
gbif_reference_added  i6372
90.064
gbif_vernacularname_added  i6289
88.89
dwc_multimedia_added  i4628
65.413
idigbio_isocountrycode_added  i4531
64.042
dwc_originalnameusageid_added  i3193
45.131
dwc_specificepithet_replaced  i1618
22.869
geopoint_low_precision  i1057
14.94
dwc_family_replaced  i614
8.678
dwc_genus_replaced  i560
7.915
dwc_continent_replaced  i476
6.728
geopoint_datum_error  i299
4.226
rev_geocode_mismatch  i136
1.922
rev_geocode_corrected  i105
1.484
dwc_continent_added  i81
1.145
dwc_country_added  i59
0.834
rev_geocode_eez  i59
0.834
dwc_taxonremarks_added  i53
0.749
rev_geocode_flip_lon_sign  i44
0.622
rev_geocode_lat_sign  i30
0.424
rev_geocode_lon_sign  i24
0.339
dwc_infraspecificepithet_added  i21
0.297
dwc_stateprovince_replaced  i15
0.212
rev_geocode_failure  i7
0.099
rev_geocode_flip  i7
0.099
taxon_match_failed  i6
0.085
dwc_class_replaced  i3
0.042
dwc_kingdom_replaced  i3
0.042
dwc_order_replaced  i3
0.042
dwc_phylum_replaced  i3
0.042
specimen list